The Anglican Church of South Sudan came into being in 2005 when 16 Archdeaconries broke way from the Episcopal Church of the South Sudan. Some Archdeaconries joined different denominations; some renamed themselves as reform Episcopal Church of South Sudan. Therefore, our 8 archdeaconries joined the Anglican Church of Kenya (ACK) as we thought not to be outside the Anglican Communion, because the history of the Anglican church of the South Sudan went back when the Episcopal church of South Sudan was under Jerusalem for many years from 1920-1945.
When Bishop Henry Gwynne became a bishop of Egypt and Sudan in 1920. It became very difficult for him to carry out all his Episcopal duties over his vast diocese. When the church of Uganda was deciding on how to care better for newly evangelized areas of northern and Eastern Uganda it was decided to create a new diocese to be called the diocese of upper Nile that would include Southern Sudan as well as Eastern and Northern Uganda.
In 1926 the new diocese of Upper Nile was set up and Bishop A.L. Kitching was appointed as its first bishop when the time came for bishop Kitching to retire in 1936, it was decided to bring the experiment to an end. Southern Sudan again returned to the diocese of Egypt and Sudan under bishop Gwynne. In order to care for the growing church in the South Sudan, it was decided to appoint a suffragan bishop with special responsibilities for Sudanese part of the diocese.
In 1936, Guy Bullen was brought from Nigeria as assistant Bishop. Bishop Guy Bullen served as a bishop in Sudan for only two years before his life was tragically cut short in a plane crash. Bishop Morris Gelsthorpe he became first bishop of Sudan in 1945 that was the time Sudan became separated from the diocese of Egypt with Bishop Morris as first bishop. Bishop Morris Gelsthorpe retired in 1952. Bishop Oliver Allison was appointed by the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1947 and he was consecrate in 1925 as assistant bishop to work under Morris Gelsthorpe.
From there Sudanese Bishops were consecrated like Bishop Daniel Deng Atong was consecrated in 1955 in Uganda by the Archbishop of Canterbury to serve under Bishop Oliver Allison. The other two bishops were also consecrated Bishops , bishop Elinana Ngalamu was consecrated in 1963 as assistant bishop of Rumbek and Bishop Yeremaya. When Bishop Allison retired, Bishop Elinana became bishop of Sudan. In 1976 he became the first Archbishop of Sudan.
The Anglican church of Sudan broke away from the Episcopal church of Sudan and linked with Anglican Church of Kenya.
It was in 2005 when the Anglican Church of South Sudan formed its own diocese, with the Bishop by the name of Rt. Rev. Peter Bol Arok as the first Bishop. In Jonglei State – Twic Diocese, the Christian population is mainly protestant. The church in the area came into being in 1906 when the missionary by the name Archdeacon Shaw (Macuor of the Dinka) brought the gospel to the area in time when most of the people believed in the African Traditional Religion (ATR). He preached for 10 years in the area and finally baptized only one person by the name John Aruor Thor.
The Anglican Church of Sudan broke way from the Episcopal Church and linked with the Anglican Church of Kenya. It was hard to be accepted by the Anglican Church of Kenya then, but the Almighty God revealed the truth to the Rt. Rev. Stephen Njihia Mwangi Bishop of Nakuru Diocese at the time and The Most Rev. Dr. Benjamin Nzimbi Archbishop of the Anglican Church of Kenya, to relieve, emancipate and restore the Church of God. The hand of the Lord is not limited and the surpassing Grace of the Living God is beyond human understanding.
On 8th March, 2006 a missionary team comprising of 11 people were sent to the refugee camp at Kakuma by his Grace Most Rev. Nzimbi Archbishop of the Anglican church of Kenya. The team included the dean of the province Rt. Rev. Stephen Njihia Mwangi Bishop of Nakuru Diocese and was welcome in the Kakuma Camp by more than 4000 members of the Anglican Church of South Sudan. Bishop Stephen confirmed 100 people into the fellowship of the Anglican Church of South Sudan. The team spent two days ministering to the people at Kakuma.
Upon arrival at Nakuru, Rt. Rev. Njihia Mwangi reported about the findings of the Anglican Church growth in that region to the most Rev. Dr. Benjamin Nzimbi who pledged that after six (6) months the bishop of the Anglican Church of South Sudan would be consecrated.
In June 11, 2006, the Rt. Rev. Peter Bol Arok was consecrated as the area Bishop of Twic area in South Sudan under the diocese of Nakuru. Through this arrangement the Twic area Christians would learn and formulate their own church structure under the guidance of the diocese of Nakuru for three (3) and a half years which happened on 30th May, 2010, when Rt. Rev. Peter Bol Arok was commissioned as the missionary Bishop to South Sudan by the Most Rev. Dr. Eliud Wabukala Archbishop of the Anglican Church of Kenya.
In conclusion, the Anglican Church of South Sudan is rapidly growing after a long period of war which lasted for 21 years in south Sudan. Signs of hope are now evident as the Almighty God granted us independence for South Sudan as a republic on 9th July, 2011, the Anglican Church of South Sudan is a member of 18 million of the Anglican Communion. The bishop is a member of the global Anglican future conference (GAF Con.) he attended the GAF CON which was held in Jerusalem ISRAEL in 22-29th June 2008 and he also attended the GAF CON 2 which was held in Nairobi 21st to 26th October, 2013.